Renovated Cracker Boxes – Before/After

Recently, I’ve got myself hooked on a popular home renovation programme which is on every Sunday night at eight on Asahi TV. Called Before/After , it’s a Japanese variation on all those fix-it shows that have been on for years in English-speaking countries (and probably others, but how would I know?). I learn things from it that the producers did not intend, and for that alone it’s worth checking out.

The programme follows a rigidly set formula (Japanese TV shows either meander pointlessly for hours or you can set your atomic clock by the predictability of their format – nothing in between). The programme uses the loan word “renewal”, which in Japanese usually means remodeling or renovation. More often than not, though,the houses on Before/After are simply gutted, leaving only the barest frame, which has a new house built around it. We are first introduced to a family who are living in cramped, unhappy quarters and are shown in uncomfortable detail the full crappiness of their lot (doing the laundry outside, then climbing onto the roof to hang out the wash; bathing in a tub the size of a sink, in a tiny, rotting bathroom; a front door opening out onto traffic, so that exits must be planned very carefully indeed; people literally climbing over piles of boxes because there is no storage space in the house – none; and on and on). They are then packed away, their home is quickly ripped up, and a new living space installed on the ashes of the old one; comparisons of before the renovation and after are made; the family is whisked back (minus, suspiciously, all the junk they were seen packing away in the beginning); gratitude (often tearful) is expressed to the designer, who personally shows them around their new home; finally, the happy family is seen having their first meal in the swanky new pad. Back in the studio, the host thanks the designer (renovator?) then he (or another member of the renovation team) is then assigned next week’s project.

The rule of the programme is that the architects have to work within the original dimensions of the house. Considering the size of a city lot in Japan, that’s (literally) not a lot of elbow room. Last week’s house was said to be 8 tsubo (坪,the traditional unit for measuring the area of land and floor space – it’s the size of 2 tatami mats, or 3.5m², or 38ft²). In other words, the entire house had the same amount of floor space as my apartment, roughly 43m² or 463ft²). I’m trying to imagine a family of three (with one on the way) functioning amiably in my apartment. I can’t. This programme tells you a lot about the assumptions of people here. And mine too, I suppose (incidentally, when I tell anyone Japanese the size of my flat, they invariably ask, “and you live alone…?” as if it were the penthouse suite at the Sheraton).

It must be said that some of the space-saving innovations shown on the programme are remarkable: drop-down fire-escape style staircases; drawers under beds that become night tables; intelligent shelving, which employs the height of the  wall space but makes everything within reach with a simple crank; a real attic – which, remarkably, few Japanese houses have – at the top of the house; retractable counter-tops in the kitchen. Last week’s featured a brilliant ventilation idea to keep the house from heating up in the summer – so simple that you wonder why it never occurred to anyone before (it’s not as though Japanese houses don’t need it – they’re stiflingly hot in the doldrums of summer).

But it’s the early segments which are morbidly fascinating – the lengths to which people will go to keep up the middle class ideal of owning your own home. The families portrayed on Before/After are not destitute – a Japanese audience couldn’t or wouldn’t relate to them if they were (a programme which did this work as obvious charity would only inspire envy, which is no recipe for success here). Although the TV families have got it rough, there obviously has to be enough familiarity in the situation to spark some fellow feeling in the audience. So, although the average Japanese family might not live in something as squalid (the only word for it in many cases), they mustn’t be living in a situation too far removed.

A word comes to mind, one that is used ad nauseum here : gaman (我慢). It’s always defined as “endurance” in the dictionary, but really means something closer to “putting up with.” This is considered a great virtue in Japan (as it used to be in my country – how else would those prairie settlers have survived in the middle of ice-block nowhere?), but this programme shows, unwittingly, how even the greatest virtue can be taken to the silliest lengths unless, miraculously, like Mito Komon, the TV channel appears out of nowhere and fixes your life. Watch it if you can (NB: or if you can’t, look at some of these clips which someone posted on You Tube They tend to show more After than Before, but they’ll give you a good idea of what the show is like. Warning: if you watch too many, the theme song will be stuck in your head for days).

This entry was posted in architecture, Blogroll, culture, design, japan, Osaka, tokyo. Bookmark the permalink.

8 Responses to Renovated Cracker Boxes – Before/After

  1. Kelly says:

    Oh we have these kind of shows in Aus too and I’m such a junkie of them!! I can’t help myself, if only to see into someone else’s house.

    Though I agree, you can get some very interesting ideas from the new designers that go on these shows.

    I really can’t imagine a family of 3 or 4 living in 43 square metres, though I think that is the same size as my parents-in-law’s government housing, and when I lived there I really didn’t feel like I was squashed in, such is the amazing space saving designs in Japan.

    I think in the future we will be looking towards Japan for answers to space saving; I’ve definitely noticed a decrease in land block sizes in Australia, you get less for your dollar than you used to.

    I would love to see the show you’re talking about. Maybe I can find some footage on you tube… 🙂

  2. I haven’t seen this in a while, didn’t realise it was back on, but we do enjoy it too.

    The thoughts that always grab me , are, like you say, where’s all the crap. However small the quarters are, at the beginning I always feel, you know, throw the damn junk out and you’ll instantly double your living space.

    Then when they build things like those ridiculous tables, where you fold it out half way and it’s a seat, then open a trap door and it’s a bed, release a spring and it transforms into a shogi table with matching benches. ( okay I am exaggerating but you know what I mean.

    Then they build storage so every single thing has a place. What if they buy something new? everything fits so exactly.

    All that said, I did see one once where the 80 year old Obasan from Okayama wanted to rennovate so she could invite her son and his wife to live with her. She had one of those ancient Tonarino Tottoro places and they did an amazing job with it. They put in skylights and opened it all out but they retained the natural woods and all the fittings, doors etc, which they restored. I’d have lived there in a heartbeat!

  3. Society Mike says:

    Stumbled upon this site looking to buy a DVD set of this since I too love this show. Just watched a 2hr special on a huge renovation they did with the biggest budget yet. One thing I think you didn’t mention is how one point of the reform is to re-use as much of the original materials whenever possible. Even some of the beams, if they are considered strong enough, will be re-used in place or somewhere else. I like that aspect of recycling raw material instead of just buying all new.

    • nagaijin says:

      What a coincidence – I was watching it too. They did a great job – mind you, it was a pretty solid old home to begin with. Most of the featured houses didn’t have that much attention lavished on them when they were built.
      I did mention the preserving of the frames, but only to point out that that’s about all that can be salvaged sometimes.
      “More often than not, though,the houses on Before/After are simply gutted, leaving only the barest frame, which has a new house built around it.”

      Enjoy your DVDs!

  4. Ratna says:

    Hi!!! I love this show too!! Is there any website that sold the dvd for this show?

  5. i really looooooooove this tv show. can anyone tell me the title of the theme song, pleaaaase? ^________^

  6. yeah, I really love this show, I used to watch some episodes on WakuwakuTV but lately they not airing this show anymore

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